There are four major components of the Social Learning Theory:

  1. Attention: The observer has to be watching what the other person is doing and saying in order to copy it. The observer notices something in the environment.   
  2. Retention: This is where the observer codes the information into long-term memory so that the information can be retrieved later on. The observer remembers what was noticed.
  3. Motor Reproduction: The observer must learn and posses the physical capabilities of the modeled behavior. The observer produces an action that is a copy of what was noticed.
  4. Motivation/Reinforcement: This is when the observer expects to receive positive reinforcement for the modeled behavior. The environment delivers a consequence that changes the probability that the behavior will be performed again (reinforcement and punishment).

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